Hays bought the southwestern quarter of section 7 of Township 37 North of Range 29 West in Benton County; the “center of Franklin Street in … Sauk City on the South or right bank of Sauk River … to the foot of the Bluff .. westerly to said River … to … Grist or Flouring Mill” in Stearns County.

He lived in Stearns County, Minnesota from 1858 to 1871, and he established Sauk City Mills (now Heim Milling). From 1858 to 1861, he kept two of his son Peregrine’s slaves in Minnesota. He himself held slaves in Lewis County and Gilmer County, (West) Virginia before moving to Minnesota. In 1850 in Gilmer County, his male slaves were ages 45, 28, 21, 12, 11, 9, 8, 6, 3, 1; his only female slave was 30 years old.

Chloe Butler: She is listed with Hays in Stearns County in the 1860 census. (see website https://theyhavenames.wordpress.com/tag/christopher-lehman/ )

Ellen Butler: She is listed with Hays in Stearns County in the 1860 census. (see website https://theyhavenames.wordpress.com/tag/christopher-lehman/ )

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